Skip to Main content

Tag: Sand Mining

The Xolobeni Heavy Minerals Sands Project on the Wild Coast, South Africa

Introduction The proposed mining of sand dunes on the Wild Coast of South Africa, located within the Mgungundlovu and Amadiba tribal administrative area, was due to take place in the late …

Building an economy on quicksand

By Jakob Villioth. Sand has by now become the most widely consumed natural resource on the planet after fresh water. [1] The annual world consumption of sand is estimated to be …

Social Metabolism and Environmental Conflicts in India

By¬†Joan Martinez-Alier, Leah Temper, Federico Demaria. Abstract This paper explains the methods for counting the energy and material flows in the economy, and gives the main results of the Material Flows …